Skin aging and pigmentation

Mostly seen on the older people’s skin, dark pigmented spots mean pigmentation disorders and natural consequences of aging. That’s because human’s skin color depends on the content of pigments, their distribution, epidermal thickness and vascular volume or location. Skin is affected by the ratio of four different pigments: melanin (brown pigment), carotene (yellow pigment), oxyhemoglobin (red pigment) and deoxyhemoglobin (blue pigment). The pigment melanin determines the color of the skin and helps in protecting it against UV rays. Skin aging is a biological irreversible process. It’s determined by biological factors, sun exposure and aggressive substances and that’s why it becomes visual earlier than in other organs of human aging. Besides, skin which is usually protected by clothing looks completely different from those parts that haven’t been covered by clothing.

Because of the aging our skin color becomes gray, whitish or yellowish, with lots of pigmentation spots and moles. However, dark spots can be whitened at home with a help of cosmetics, medical facilities or special procedures used daily. To get rid of dark spots and pigmentation, patients are recommended to use glycolic, lactic, tartaric, salicylic, soybean and wheat germ oils, AHA acids or lemon and cucumber extracts. Daily skin care products should include not only these components, but also vitamin C, bitter oranges, lemons, parsley essential oils, Japanese mulberry and grapefruit extracts.

In order to have the best result, you should see your cosmetologist who will recommend cream or procedure according to your skin condition. It should also be taken into account such aspects as human’s age, work, life style and other causes of pigmentation. Find out what treatments, not only specific creams, could be a cheaper solution for this problem and remember – most important thing to avoid skin pigmentation and brown spots on your skin is protecting it from direct sun.  

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